||M.A. Nielsen & I.L. Chuang: Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge Univ. Press). Physics of Quantum Information, edited by Dirk Bowmeester et al. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000). Fundamentals of Quantum Information, edited by D. Heiss (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2002) Introduction to Quantum Computation and Information, edited by Hoi-Kuong Lo,S. Popescu & T. Spiller (World Scientific, Singapore, 2001)
||Introductory Overview. Review of Quantum Mechanics and Processing of Quantum Statates: quantum superposition principle, Qubits, Cbits, density matrix, classical limt, quantum measurement theory, entangled states, decoherence). Classical and Quantum Information Science. Quantum cryptography, teleportation and coding: Review of classical cryptography, pubic key, security in classical and quantum key distribution, error correction, experimental realization. Introduction to Quantum Computation: Quantum algorithms, circuit elements, quantum search algorithm, optimality of algorithm. Shor’s algorithm for factorization. Decoherence and Error correction. Possible Experiemental Systems: Optical photons, ion traps, nuclear magnetic resonance, cavity quantum electrodynamics, spintronics, quantum dots and other systems. Quantum optics, Optical communication and computing.