Title of the course

MM 716 - Nanomaterials for Advanced Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion



Credit structure

L          T          P          C

3           0          0           6



Pre-requisite, if any




Course content

List of topics to be covered (list is not exhaustive): 302225 Brief introduction to nanomaterials 302225 Overview of the basic characteristic differences between nanomaterials and more conventional materials 302225 Brief overview of the electrochemical interfaces at the nano-level (in more general terms) 302225 Overview of the various types and architectures of nanomaterials with relevance to applications in energy storage/conversion devices (including carbon nanostructures, oxide nanostructures, metallic nanostructures, polymer nanostructures, nanocomposites, various 0D, 1D, 2D, 3D nano-architectures) 302225 Introduction to the working principles and importance of advanced electrochemical energy storage and conversion devices (Li-ion batteries, supercapacitors, fuel 1 cells)302225 Materials characteristics/properties required for use as electrode and electrolyte materials (covering aspects right from effects of crystal structures, crystallographic orientations, effects of different dimensions at different scales, overview of the effects of nanoscaled dimensions, dimensional/structural stability during operation, surface areas/properties, issues related to diffusivity, relevant mechanical and physical properties including electrical conductivity)302225 Advantages of nanomaterials with respect to such characteristics as well as special beneficial aspects of nanostructured materials (improvements in the relevant material properties and concomitantly performance in terms of energy densities, power/rate capabilities, cycle life, design considerations, safety aspects and other relevant details)302225 Problems associated with the synthesis of nanomaterials and their use in electrochemical energy storage/conversion devices and ways to overcome such limitations302225 Nanomaterials presently in use in the energy storage/conversion devices302225 Potential nanomaterials and nanostructures deemed to further enhance the functionalities significantly302225 Current state and necessities for continuing fundamental research on fabricating/designing nanomaterials for such applications



Since this is an advanced level course that not only deals with the basics but also elaborates cutting edge research developments, in addition to some text books mentioned here (relevant to the basics), a significant portion will be covered from various research reports, articles and review papers. Few review articles are mentioned below, and copies of more research/review articles relevant to the more specific sections to be covered in the course will be handed over to the students during the course. Text books: 1) Nanostructured materials for electrochemical energy production and storage; by Leite, Edson Roberto (Ed.); New York: Springer (2009) (available in Institute library) 2) Fundamental studies connected with electrochemical energy storage; by E.Buck; Washington, DC: NASA (1975) (available in Institute library) 2 3) Lithium Ion Batteries302227Fundamentals and Performance;by W. Wakihara, and O. Yamamoto (eds);Kodansha-Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (1998) 4) Electrochemical Supercapacitors; by B. E. Conway; Kluwer Academic/Plenum; New York (1999) 5) Fuel cells: from fundamentals to applications; by Supramaniam Srinivasan; Springer Science + Business Media; New York (2006)Journal (review) articles (Institute has online access to all): 1) A. S. Arico, P. Bruce, B. Scrosati, J. M. Tarascon, W. V. Schalkwijk; Nanostructured materials for advanced energy conversion and storage devices. Nature Materials 4 (2005) 366-377 2) J. M. Tarascon, M. Armand; Issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries. Nature 414 (2001) 359-367 3) C. Arbizzani, M. Mastragostino, S. Soavi; New trends in electrochemical supercapacitors. Journal of Power Sources 100 (2001)164302226170 4) E. Frackowiak, F. Beguin; Carbon materials for the electrochemical storage of energy in Capacitors. Carbon 39 (2001) 937302226950 5) S. Srinivasan, R. Mosdale, P. Stevens, C. Yang; Fuel cells: reaching the era of clean and efficient power generation in the twenty-first century. Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. 24 (1999) 281302226238



Instructor(s) name

Prof. Amartya Mukhopadhyay