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Advanced Materials

Accurate estimation of manufacturing variations can improve circuit performance

New experimentally validated model accounts for manufacturing process variations while designing ultra-dense electronic circuits.

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IITB researchers unravel the anomalies in uranium

Researchers have explained how the electronic properties and atomic vibrations of uranium are linked.

An electronic instability destabilizes the lattice, triggering charge-density wave and inducing Kohn anomaly. [Image Credits: Aditya Prasad Roy, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Bombay, an author of the study]

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How fluids react to surfaces coated with repelling paint

Researchers study how water flows past a surface that repels it heavily

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The laws of electromagnetism at the scale of a few atoms

Researchers have demonstrated the reciprocal relationship of electricity and magnetism over a thin magnetic film. 

Physicists discovered the relationship between electricity and magnetism more than a century ago. The intricate relationship between these entities, previously thought to be separate, currently goes by the name „electromagnetism‟. It largely governs the world in which we live. From large power grids to fans in our rooms to electronic gadgets, everything runs on these well-understood principles. 

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Understanding the regimented design of the human proteome

Scientists discuss the rigorous standards followed for proteome identification by the Human Proteome Project.

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Novel AI-based algorithms on well-known physics can speed up technology

 Researchers have sped up the study of light-matter interaction on specially-engineered surfaces.

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New technology could reduce delayed diagnosis and help differentiate malaria parasite species for effective treatment

Researchers use proteomics & machine learning to identify group of proteins to gauge severity of malaria

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A microscopic understanding of materials can widen the scope of their applications

Researchers study the relationship between geometry and isotropy to enhance 3D printing.

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Insights from Optics for Better Thermoelectric Devices

New design in thermoelectric devices can increase both output power and efficiency

A significant problem in electronic devices is the generation of heat during their operation. This phenomenon not only leads to the wastage of electric power but can also damage the device. Thermoelectric materials, which convert heat to electricity and vice versa, can be used to turn the generated heat back into electricity, thereby saving power and avoiding overheating of the device.

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Decoding Dried Stains

Shape of dried paint or ink deposit is related to the concentration and size of particles in these colloids

Ever wondered why we use only specific inks for the inkjet printer? Why not any random dye? The wrong ink may result in non-uniform and patchy printing. Printing inks are colloids—tiny solid particles suspended in a liquid. The size and the concentration of the solid particles in the ink specified for printers are designed to deposit uniformly on paper.

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