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Engineering

A ‘spongy’ liquid to clean up industrial carbon dioxide

A porous liquid composite can convert adsorbed carbon dioxide from industrial effluents to calcium carbonate

Globally, carbon dioxide emissions from human and industrial activities are rising alarmingly, and the gas is escaping into the atmosphere. Industries use physical and chemical absorption methods to capture carbon dioxide from industrial emissions. However, these methods can only capture and store carbon dioxide, which must be transported to a permanent storage site, which requires spending energy additionally. 

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Graphene Valleytronics: Paving the Way to Small-Sized Room-Temperature Quantum Computers

Scientists find a way to use pristine graphene in valleytronics, a promising technology for encoding and processing quantum information

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Computational techniques to measure small amounts of soot

A novel data processing technique to measure low amounts of soot more accurately

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IITB researchers unravel the anomalies in uranium

Researchers have explained how the electronic properties and atomic vibrations of uranium are linked.

An electronic instability destabilizes the lattice, triggering charge-density wave and inducing Kohn anomaly. [Image Credits: Aditya Prasad Roy, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Bombay, an author of the study]

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Studying human-wildlife interactions: Why we need to look beyond conflict

Researchers discuss the challenges in studying human-wildlife coexistence and the way forward. 

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How fluids react to surfaces coated with repelling paint

Researchers study how water flows past a surface that repels it heavily

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The laws of electromagnetism at the scale of a few atoms

Researchers have demonstrated the reciprocal relationship of electricity and magnetism over a thin magnetic film. 

Physicists discovered the relationship between electricity and magnetism more than a century ago. The intricate relationship between these entities, previously thought to be separate, currently goes by the name „electromagnetism‟. It largely governs the world in which we live. From large power grids to fans in our rooms to electronic gadgets, everything runs on these well-understood principles. 

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Merging memory and computing in nanoscale devices for efficient computation

Scientists have devised a novel approach to combine memory and computation units 

Modern computers carry out computations — also called ‘logical operations’ — on massive amounts of data that are stored in specialised memory devices. The computing blocks need to exchange significant amounts of data with Random Access Memory, or RAM, a type of temporary memory. Over the years, various applications that search and process the appropriate data from memory devices have increasingly demanded faster computations.  

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Novel AI-based algorithms on well-known physics can speed up technology

 Researchers have sped up the study of light-matter interaction on specially-engineered surfaces.

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For a smooth journey, an automated system to classify road surface quality

Road monitoring system from IIT Bombay can classify road quality surface using crowdsourced data

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