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Archived Research Highlights

These articles have been created and published here by the R&D dissemination initiative of IRCC. To publish a summary of a recent high impact work from IIT Bombay, please follow the guidelines given in the there.

Towards Safer Roads

Researchers recognise risky driving situations by identifying important factors leading to road crashes.  

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Accurate estimation of manufacturing variations can improve circuit performance

New experimentally validated model accounts for manufacturing process variations while designing ultra-dense electronic circuits.

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IITB researchers unravel the anomalies in uranium

Researchers have explained how the electronic properties and atomic vibrations of uranium are linked.

An electronic instability destabilizes the lattice, triggering charge-density wave and inducing Kohn anomaly. [Image Credits: Aditya Prasad Roy, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Bombay, an author of the study]

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Studying human-wildlife interactions: Why we need to look beyond conflict

Researchers discuss the challenges in studying human-wildlife coexistence and the way forward. 

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How fluids react to surfaces coated with repelling paint

Researchers study how water flows past a surface that repels it heavily

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Wearable sweat sensors on a bandage

Researchers develop thread-based sensors to detect changes in metabolite levels in sweat. 

Metabolism — or the processing and utilisation of energy resources to sustain life — results in a number of by-product molecules called metabolites. Medical practitioners measure the concentration of these molecules in body fluids such as blood, urine, sweat and saliva to test whether the body is functioning normally. While biannual check-ups suffice for the regular population, people with chronic diseases need to monitor their medical conditions constantly.

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Slipping away from the surface: Impact of Kerala 2018 floods on soil erosion

Study finds an increase in the rate of soil erosion post the extreme floods in August 2018. 

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The laws of electromagnetism at the scale of a few atoms

Researchers have demonstrated the reciprocal relationship of electricity and magnetism over a thin magnetic film. 

Physicists discovered the relationship between electricity and magnetism more than a century ago. The intricate relationship between these entities, previously thought to be separate, currently goes by the name „electromagnetism‟. It largely governs the world in which we live. From large power grids to fans in our rooms to electronic gadgets, everything runs on these well-understood principles. 

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Recovery from Cyclone Phailin in marine fishing communities

Researchers investigate social, economic, human, and physical factors driving and resulting in recovery in the aftermath of Cyclone Phailin. 

Cyclone Phailin over the Bay of Bengal on October 11, 2013, before making landfall over the east coast of India. [Image Credits: Colorado State Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch, NOAA / Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons] 

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Merging memory and computing in nanoscale devices for efficient computation

Scientists have devised a novel approach to combine memory and computation units 

Modern computers carry out computations — also called ‘logical operations’ — on massive amounts of data that are stored in specialised memory devices. The computing blocks need to exchange significant amounts of data with Random Access Memory, or RAM, a type of temporary memory. Over the years, various applications that search and process the appropriate data from memory devices have increasingly demanded faster computations.  

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