Title of the course

MM 407 :  Iron and Steel Making  



Credit structure

L          T          P          C

2           1          0          6



Pre-requisite, if any




Course content

History of iron and steel. Indigenous iron and steel making processes. Physical chemistry of slag-metal and gas-metal reactions. Ironmaking - the iron blast furnace - principles, operation and design aspects, raw materials, direct reduction and smelt-reduction processes. Steel making - basic oxygen and electric arc furnace processes - principles, operation and design aspects. Deoxidation,  ladle refining processes – VD,  VOD and AOD processes - inclusions in steel. Continuous casting - control of solidification structure and segregation. Yield, energy requirements and productivity in iron and steel making.




J.G. Peacey and W.G. Davenport, Blast Furnace : Theory and Practice, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1979.


A. Ghosh and A. Chatterjee, Ironmaking and Steelmaking : Theory and Practice, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2008.


A.W. Cramb (Editor), Making Shaping and Treating of Steel, 11th Ed., Vol.1 and 2, AISE, Pittsburg, 2003.



Instructor(s) name

Prof. Somnath Basu