Title of the course

MM 624: Advanced Concepts in Steel Making


Credit structure

L          T          P          C

3           0          0           6



Pre-requisite, if any




Course content

Review of thermo : solutions, change of standard states, activity interaction parameters. Reactor models : CSTR and plug flow reactors, residence time distributions; Structure and thermodynamics of slags.C-O, Si-O, Mn-O reactions, reactions of S and P, sulphide and phosphate capacities. Oxygen steelmaking : design parameters for vessel and lance, material and heat balances. Process dynamics, static dynamic and process models, process control. Electric arc furnace : reaction mechanisms, material and heat balances, equipment design principles.Ladle metallurgy; Deoxidation : thermodynamic and kinetic analysis, inclusion shape control. Secondary and alloy steel making: thermo- and kinetic analysis, model building.Continuous casting: solidification mechanisms and structure, fluid flow and heat transfer in tundish and strand, physical and mathematical models, understanding defects, recent developments.Refractories and phase diagrams.




Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel, Vol.1: Ironmaking, 11th Ed., AISE Steel Foundation, 1999.A. Ghosh and A. Chatterji, Ironmaking and Steelmaking : Theory and Practice, Prentice- Hall (India), 2008.F.D. Richardson : Physical Chemistry of Melts in Metallurgy, Academic Press, 1974.T.A. Engh, Principles of Metal Refining, Oxford Univ. Press, 1992.



Instructor(s) name

Prof. Somnath Basu